Frank Agullo, MDBoard Certified Plastic Surgeon

The Facts about Hair Loss

The Facts about Hair Loss

Dr. Agullo Hair Transplant Before and After PhotosHair plays a significant role in defining our self-image, self-esteem, and overall appearance. Socially and culturally, it is strongly associated with well-being and youth, which explains why currently many men and women suffering from hair loss seek hair restoration. Hair also serves an important function – that of protecting the scalp. Dr. Agullo embraces science and expertise and translates it into restored beauty through hair transplant procedures.

There are roughly five million hair follicles on the human body; approximately 100,000 are located on the scalp. The number of follicles varies depending on hair color, with the highest follicle count in blonde, lower in brunettes, and lowest in red hair.

The Hair Growth Cycle

Hair normally grows at a speed of 0.25 to 0.5 inch per month and undergoes a growth pattern, which has the following three phases: anagen, telogen, and catagen.

Growth Phase:  “Anagen”

  • Known as the active growth phase
  • Can last between three to ten years

Degeneration Phase:  “Catagen”

  • Hair stops growing and sheds and then transitions into the next phase
  • Lasts anywhere between two to three weeks

Resting Phase:  “Telogen”

  • A new hair follicle begins to form and gets ready to enter growth phase again
  • Usually lasts three to four months

On average, we shed between 25 to 100 hairs daily. Approximately between 4 to 24 percent of the hair follicles on the scalp are in the resting phase. This is normal and not indicative of any hair loss condition. Most of the hair is in the active growth phase and a very small percentage in the shedding phase.

The Role of Hormones and Genes in Hair Loss

Alopecia is the medical term for loss. The most common form of hair loss is known as androgenetic alopecia, where both hormones and genes play a role. Hence, the technical term for male and female pattern hair loss is androgenetic alopecia (AGA) i.e. with androgens (andro) as well as genes (genetic). It is often progressive and occurs in both men and women; however, it is much more common in men. AGA is also known as male pattern baldness and affects approximately 50 percent of men by age 50.

The androgen hormone known as testosterone and its metabolite dihydrotestosterone (DHT) play an important role in AGA. This condition causes hair follicles to grow thin and short, known as “miniaturized hair,” and has a vellus appearance. While the growth of facial, underarm, and pubic hair is determined by testosterone, scalp hair is not. Both male and female pattern hair loss are linked to an inherited sensitivity to the effects of DHT on the hair follicles of the scalp. In addition to hormones, hair loss genes play an important role in hair loss as well. AGA is a condition that runs in families so to speak. The family history of baldness can be helpful in predicting the pattern and severity of hair loss.

While AGA runs in the family, it is not definite that a person will carry it just because his/her father or aunt has it. AGA simply makes it much more likely that the next generation will carry the condition.

Most patients who come to Dr. Agullo for hair restoration have AGA. However, it is of utmost importance to eliminate any other conditions that cause hair loss. Dr. Agullo will carefully and thoroughly evaluate you to determine whether hair restoration is right for you. With his experience and in-depth understanding of hair loss, Dr. Agullo routinely provides invaluable advice to patients regarding the nature of hair loss and the treatments that exist, both medical and surgical.

If you are concerned with hair loss, schedule a consultation with double board-certified plastic surgeon Dr. Frank Agullo. Call our El Paso office at (915) 590-7900 or our Las Cruces office at (575) 520-5041 to schedule your personal consultation. For your convenience, you may also contact us online at our El Paso Office or Las Cruces Office.

Total Tummy Tuck Recovery Guide

Tummy Tuck RecoveryIf your lower belly has excess skin and stubborn fat that isn’t responding to diet and exercise, a tummy tuck may be right for you. Tummy tuck surgery can effectively and permanently rid your waistline of sagging skin and localized fat. But before you jump into it, here’s your guide to preparing for tummy tuck surgery, what to expect during recovery, and how long it’ll take until you can fully enjoy the benefits of your tummy tuck.

Preparing for a Tummy Tuck

Before your tummy tuck, make sure that you’re at or near your ideal body weight. This procedure is not a weight-loss procedure but rather a technique for ridding the body of excess skin and stubborn fat. You’ll need to have any medical complications resolved before surgery. Build habits of healthy living so that it’s easier for you to maintain long-term results afterward. If you’re a smoker, you’ll want to quit before having surgery because smoking interferes with circulation and can hinder your ability to heal. Most of all, consider whether you want to have any children in the future – if you do, a tummy tuck may not be a good idea now because a future pregnancy can reverse the results.

Other Things to Prepare:

  • Two to three weeks off work for healing
  • Medical supplies
  • Caretaker and driver to and from surgery
  • Comfortable, loose clothing that is easy to put on
  • Towels and padding for your bed
  • Extra pillows to prop you up while sleeping

What to Expect During Recovery

Your recovery experience will largely depend on the kind of procedure you have. For example, a partial tummy tuck will have a quicker and somewhat easier recovery than an extended or comprehensive tummy tuck. All tummy tuck patients may expect soreness, swelling, and likely some pain. Dr. Agullo will help you manage the pain with prescription medications or a pain pump. You may also experience numbness, bruising, and fatigue. Most of your discomfort will be gone within one week, and within a couple weeks, you may feel up to going out and about. Expect some scarring, but the scars will be hidden beneath the bikini line and will fade over time.

How to Care for Your Body the First Week After Surgery

The first week after surgery, you’ll need to rest to help your body focus its energies on healing. However, do not remain bedridden; get up and walk around every once in a while to keep circulation moving so that you reduce any swelling and avoid getting blood clots. Avoid driving and exercising, and limit any activities that require more than walking short distances. Be very careful not to strain any of your incisions or abdominal muscles. Take your prescription medications promptly and regularly, especially the antibiotics. You will need to sleep in a semi-sitting position with your head and shoulders propped up on pillows. Dr. Agullo will instruct you on how to manage draining any drains, changing any dressings, and wearing support garments.

How Long the Healing Process Lasts

Tummy Tuck Before & After PhotosWithin a few weeks after surgery, you can expect to feel well enough to resume many normal activities. Within about six weeks, you may be able to resume more strenuous activities and exercise. Some patients may experience depression or anxiety after cosmetic surgery, but this should subside as your body heals and you begin to see and feel the positive results of your surgery. After a few months, you’ll be able to fully enjoy the results of your tummy tuck!

For more information about tummy tuck surgery, call our El Paso office at (915) 590-7900 or our Las Cruces office at (575) 520-5041 to schedule your personal consultation today with double board-certified plastic surgeon Dr. Frank Agullo. For your convenience, you can also contact us online at our El Paso Office or our Las Cruces Office.

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